Erotic target location error Gender and sexual diversity Gender binary Gender essentialism Gender roles Human female sexuality Human male sexuality Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures Intersex Hermaphrodite. Reciprocal IVF is used by couples who both possess female reproductive organs. Results confirm previous studies in this current body of literature, suggesting that children raised by same-sex parents fare equally well to children raised by heterosexual parents. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder was more than twice RR 2. Offspring in lesbian families who reported more experiences of homophobic stigmatization also demonstrated more internalizing and externalizing problem behavior. Review of Economics of the Household, 11 4 Results revealed no significant differences between the 2 groups of children, who also compared favorably with the standardization samples for the instruments used.
Kobak Clinical experience would suggest that motherlessness, while not studied as extensively as fatherlessness, causes even greater damage to a child, because the role of the mother is so crucial in establishing a child's ability to trust and to feel safe in relationships.
Children raised by same-sex parents do as well as their peers, study shows
Child Development, 69 2 National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study. Journal of Marriage and Family, 74 3— Visit Source Website Crouch, S. Differences have not been found in parenting ability between lesbian mothers and heterosexual mothers.
The extensive research on the serious psychological, academic, and social problems in youth raised in fatherless families demonstrates the importance of the presence of the father in the home for healthy childhood development. Homophobia had a negative impact on the well-being of children who experienced it. Parent-reported, multidimensional measures of child health and wellbeing and the relationship to perceived stigma were measured. While there has been a recent upsurge in the number of studies related to children raised by gay and lesbian parents, the literature in this area continues to be small and wrought with limitations. The postulated compromised parental fitness of lesbian mothers, commonly asserted in child custody cases, is not supported by these data.